Гальперин И.Р. Стилистика английского языка

CONTENTS

PART I INTRODUCTION 5
I. GENERAL NOTES ON STYLE AND Stylistics 5
2. EXPRESSIVE MEANS (EM) AND STYLISTIC DEVICES (SD) 20
3. GENERAL NOTES ON FUNCTIONAL STYLES OF LANGUAGE 27
4. VARIETIES OF LANGUAGE 30
5. A BRIEF OUTLINE OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ENGLISH LITERARY (STANDARD) LANGUAGE 35
6. MEANING FROM A STYLISTIC POINT OF VIEW 51
PART II STYLISTIC CLASSIFICATION OF THE ENGLISH VOCABULARY 62
I. GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS 62
2. NEUTRAL, COMMON LITERARY AND COMMON COLLOQUIAL VOCABULARY 64
3. SPECIAL LITERARY VOCABULARY 67
a) Terms 67
b) Poetic and Highly Literary Words 70
c) Archaic, Obsolescent and Obsolete Words 74
d) Barbarisms and Foreignisms 78
e) Literary Coinages (Including Nonce-Words) 83
4. SPECIAL COLLOQUIAL VOCABULARY 95
a) Slang 95
b) Jargonisms 100
c) Professionalisms 103
d) Dialectal words 105
e) Vulgar words or vulgarisms 108
f) Colloquial coinages (words and meanings) 109
PART Ш PHONETIC EXPRESSIVE MEANS AND STYLISTIC DEVICES 112
GENERAL NOTES 112
Onomatopoeia 113
Alliteration 114
Rhyme 116
Rhythm 117
PART IV LEXICAL EXPRESSIVE MEANS AND STYLISTIC DEVICES 123
A. INTENTIONAL MIXING OF THE STYLISTIC ASPECT OF WORDS 123
B. INTERACTION OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF LEXICAL MEANING 126
1. INTERACTION OF PRIMARY DICTIONARY AND CONTEXTUALLY IMPOSED MEANINGS 126
Metaphor 127
Metonymy 131
Irony 133
3. INTERACTION OF LOGICAL AND EMOTIVE MEANINGS 139
Interjections and Exclamatory Words 140
The Epithet 143
Oxymoron 149
4. INTERACTION OF LOGICAL AND NOMINAL MEANINGS 150
Antonomasia 150
C. INTENSIFICATION OF A CERTAIN FEATURE OF A THING OR PHENOMENON 152
Simile 153
Periphrasis 155
Euphemism 159
Hyperbole 161
D. PECULIAR USE OF SET EXPRESSIONS 162
The Cliche 163
Proverbs and Sayings 166
Epigrams 168
Allusions 172
Decomposition of Set Phrases 174
PART V SYNTACTICAL EXPRESSIVE MEANS AND STYLISTIC DEVICES 175
A. GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS 175
B. PROBLEMS CONCERNING THE COMPOSITION OF SPANS OF UTTERANCE LARGER THAN THE SENTENCE 177
Supra-Phrasal Units 178
The Paragraph 182
C. COMPOSITIONAL PATTERNS OF SYNTACTICAL ARRANGEMENT 186
Stylistic Inversion 187
Detached Construction 189
Parallel Construction 191
Chiasmus (Reversed Parallel Construction) 192
Repetition 194
Enumeration 198
Suspense 200
Climax (Gradation) 201
Antithesis 203
D. PARTICULAR WAYS OF COMBINING PARTS OF THE UTTERANCE (LINKAGE) 206
Asyndeton 207
Polysyndeton 208
The Gap- Sentence Link 209
E. PARTICULAR USE OF COLLOQUIAL CONSTRUCTIONS 211
Ellipsis 212
Break-in-the-Narrative (Appsiopesis) 214
Question-in-the-Narrative 215
Represented Speech 217
a) Uttered Represented Speech 219
b) Unuttered or Inner Represented Speech 221
F. STYLISTIC USE OF STRUCTURAL MEANING 224
Rhetorical Questions 224
Litotes 226
PART VI FUNCTIONAL STYLES OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE 228
INTRODUCTORY REMARKS 228
A. THE BELLES-LETTRES STYLE 229
1. LANGUAGE OF POETRY 231
a) Compositional Patterns of Rhythmical Arrangement 231
Metre and Line 231
The Stanza 236
Free Verse and Accented Verse 239
b) Lexical and Syntactical Features of Verse 242
2. EMOTIVE PROSE 248
3. LANGUAGE OF THE DRAMA 258
B. PUBLICISTS STYLE 264
1. ORATORY AND SPEECHES 265
2. THE ESSAY 269
3. JOURNALISTIC ARTICLES 271
C. NEWSPAPER STYLE 272
1. BRIEF NEWS ITEMS 274
2. ADVERTISEMENTS AND ANNOUNCEMENTS 277
3. THE HEADLINE 279
4. THE EDITORIAL 281
D. SCIENTIFIC PROSE STYLE 283
E. THE STYLE OF OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS 288
FINAL REMARKS 293

СКАЧАТЬ БЕСПЛАТНО