Teaching and learning

Teaching-learning process is the heart of education. On it depends the fulfillment of the aims & objectives 

of education. It is the most powerful instrument of education to bring about desired changes in the students. 

Teaching learning are related terms. In teaching - learning process, the teacher, the learner, the curriculum 

& other variables are organized in a systematic way to attain some pre-determined go

Learning is defined as the act, process, or experience of gaining knowledge or skill. Learning is vitally important because it helps us make informed choices about our own lives and the societies that we live in. The majority of people agree that learning about new things is enjoyable, it can lead to a better quality of life, it has the power to transform us. Specifically, we can become more successful: 

•at home and with our families 

•at work 

•at large in our local community 

So we should devote more time to personal development.

People learn in many ways. There are different types of learning:

- traditional learing (face to face), 

Traditional classrooms offer advantages of allowing the student to see the professor face to face and ask pertinent questions concerning their classes. Another advantage is the ability of the students to meet with other students for study groups and friendship. Students who choose the traditional method of education believed that the face-to-face students enjoy the ability to learn with others and they love the ability to get to know their instructors. Students in the face-to-face courses are able to get together in study groups that help them achieve better in testing.

- distance learning(through internet)

One of the reasons so many students love distance education is the ability to take classes at any time of the day or night. Distance education reaches a broader student body than any traditional education courses.

- on-line learning

Many students getting an education online are satisfied with the courses they take and believe these courses are equal to traditional classes. Research finds that there is no real significance in the differences between traditional and online classes. Many students were more satisfied with the feedback they receive from their online instructors than many traditional students. Many of the students who have taken online courses state they will be willing to take more online courses.

- video-conferencing (through video-presentations)

Video conferencing is an essential part of distance learning courses. 

Many institutions can receive the same broadcast simultaneously and thus a much greater level of participation can be gained. For example, a lecture being broadcast to students at many different educational institutions

-night schools.

- general interest learning (can include foreign languages, computer programmers, art-classes and so on)

And also there are a lot of forms or learning;

- traditional classes and compulsory education

- self education

- some additional courses

- evening classes

- tutoring.

Tutoring is very interesting form of learning.

Teaching is defined as the process of imparting knowledge or skills.

Teaching methods also vary. Some instructors lecture, others demonstrate or discuss; some focus on rules and others on examples; some emphasize memory and others understanding. The methods of teaching can be devided into following groups: 

- lectures with discussion

- brain storm

- video-tapes

- class discussions

- pole-playing

- guest’s speaker

- index card exercises

- values clarification exercises

To my mind all these methods make the process more interesting productive and effective.

Teaching is a complex activity, often requiring to juggle multiple tasks and goals simultaneously and flexibly. The following small but powerful set of principles can make teaching both more effective and more efficient, by helping to create the conditions that support student learning. These principles are:

-encouraging contact between pupils and a teacher

-developing cooperation between pupils

-encouraging active learning

-respecting talents

-communicating high expectations