New challenges in Education

Education is a part of our life. It is an integral part of development of each person of this world. We must educate and be educated. As they say we must live and learn. Education opens doors to brilliant career opportunities. It fetches better prospects in career and growth. Education makes us intelligent, give a chance to develop. Education aims to prepare people to become responsible members society in which people from different ethnic, religious, cultural and political backgrounds coexist. That’ why it is important to make education effective, to be ready for all the challenges, and to bring up new generations in the best way.

But what is Education? According to the Oxford advanced learner’s dictionary, “it is the process of teaching, learning and training, esp.in schools or colleges to improve knowledge and develop skills”. Formal education usually consists of systematic instruction, teaching and training by teachers. 

So, it’s teacher’s first consideration to provide effective education. Maybe it seems that it is very easy to do it. But between the cup and the lip a morsel may slip. We must know what is required exactly, what to do to be good teachers.

Nowadays in the sphere of education we can come across a lot of challenges. But what are the challenges? To my mind, they are difficulties, problems which we come across which should be solved. New challenges depend on time, e.g. in 20th c. skills, experiences & knowledge were important. Nowadays individually method approach is important. Every child should be known as individual. So, as time change, challenges also change.

The challenges are connected with:

Globalization. It is not a secret that We live in an era of globalization. And countries have little choice whether to globalise or not. A globalized world and its driving forces are posing new challenges to education which should transmit knowledge, enhance justice, prepare the future and preserve the diversity of cultures. Globalization influences knowledge. In fact, all facets of society are becoming knowledge dependent. Without the essential knowledge and skills for modern living, people will remain on the margins of society, and society itself will lose their vast potential contributions.

To achieve the goal of teaching, the teacher must adopt effective methods in education. The understanding of a subject taught by a teacher depends on these methods of teaching adopted by that teacher. That is why another new challenge in education is effective learning methods. Effective learning method is determined as a type of teaching, developed to transfer knowledge, understanding and information to students as efficiently as possible using information technology tools.

One of these ELM is Interactive Education. It helps educators reach their goals of improving student engagement, increasing academic achievement and making schools more globally competitive. It also can help teacher to create flexible environments where learning is transformed and students collaborate in ways that are new, exciting and more enriching.

Effective learning methods also include audio and visual aids. Using audio/visual aides in teaching is one way to enhance lesson plans and give students additional ways to process subject information. Students are more interested when lessons contain some media component either audio or visual and they come to life when asked to use the computer and the Internet in class. 

There is one more interesting effective method I want to speak about. It is E-learning. E-learning is essentially the computer and network-enabled transfer of skills and knowledge. E-learning can give you the freedom and flexibility to learn when and where you want and at your own pace. You can study a wide range of subjects at any level, and e-learning can be ideal if the subject you're interested in isn't available nearby. E-learning may appeal to you if you:

•want to learn when and where you want, at your own pace

•have commitments which make it harder for you to attend a regular course

•have mobility or health problems that make travel or attendance difficult

•live a long way from a training provider

•work irregular hours or shifts

It is necessary to say that the effectiveness of E-learning also depends on establishing two-way  communication between teachers and learners, and among learners themselves.

Challenges in education are also connected with financing. Many Education centers became private. Fewer students will be able to enter; only children of rich parents can afford themselves to study in such schools. It is a great problem to my mind which should be solved. I believe it is not admissible to make all the schools private. There should be a lot of public schools for sure. It will provide the education for both rich and other pupils who want to get education. 

One more challenge is computer technologies.All of us know them to have a great role in education. I’d like to dwell on such computer technology as Computer Aided Instruction. 

Computer-aided instruction (CAI) includes the use of computers to teach academic skills and to promote communication and language development and skills. It includes computer modeling and computer tutors. There are many advantages to using it. It provides one-to-one interaction with a student, as well as an instantaneous response to the answers elicited, and allow students to proceed at their own pace. Computers are particularly useful in subjects that require drill, freeing teacher time from some classroom tasks so that a teacher can devote more time to individual students. A computer program can be used diagnostically, and, once a student’s problem has been identified, it can then focus on the problem area. Finally, because of the privacy and individual attention afforded by a computer, some students are relieved of the embarrassment of giving an incorrect answer publicly or of going more slowly through lessons than other classmates.

We see that computers are used more and more in education. But what about teacher& Can he be replaced by a computer. I think he can’t. In the classroom, nothing can take the place of the teacher in terms of developing students’ education. The teacher is the only one who can open the door to education for students whereas the computer plays a second role in helping student’s education technologically as a useful tool. Only a  teacher can motivate, organize and manage the whole class by creating the pleasant atmosphere of active teaching and learning process. Only teacher is able to cope with all challenges, to overcome all difficulties in education in order to transfer knowledge and skills to students as effective as possible. 

Secondly, its impact on education may be discussed along several broad

lines: respect and tolerance for others, based on knowledge; understanding and preservation of cultural diversity, including languages; the economicsof education, especially in the developing world; the role of sciences and of the social sciences as a knowledge of universal value; the place of religions; the new tools for communication; the understanding and managing of the planet; the mixing of populations through immigration. 

In fact, all facets of society are becoming knowledge dependent. 

Without the essential knowledge and skills for modern living, people will remain on the margins of society, and society itself will lose their vast potential contributions.

To achieve the goal of teaching, the teacher must adopt effective teaching methods in education.

Teaching is that profession where the success of the teachers of the teacher depends on the ability of the students but there have been such teachers who have made even the worst of students the best of learners. So it is evident the understanding of a subject taught by a teacher depends on the methods of teaching adopted by that teacher. Methods make the material easier to comprehend and assimilate. There are some effective teaching methods that a teacher if and when follows would get better results from his students.

Since then high levels of excitement and expectation have been generated by every new generation of information and communication technologies (ICTs): compact discs and CD-ROMs, videodiscs, microcomputer-based laboratories, the Internet, virtual reality, local and wide area networks, instructional software, Macs, PCs, laptops, notebooks, educational television, voice mail, e-mail, satellite communication, VCRs, cable TV, interactive radio, etc. The list of "hot" technologies available for education goes on and on.

SMART has been helping educators reach their goals of improving student engagement, increasing academic achievement and making schools more globally competitive. Can help teacher to create flexible environments where learning is transformed and students collaborate in ways that are new,exciting and more enriching.

Using audio/visual aides in teaching is one way to enhance lesson plans and give students additional ways to process subject information.

The use of Media as a teaching tool is probably one of the best tools I have learned as teacher through the Dip Ed program. I found planning media lessons to be exciting and I find that I am always trying to integrate it in some way in all of my lessons.

My students are simply more interested when lessons contain some media component either audio or visual and they simply come to life when asked to use the computer and the Internet in class. It is as though I am now truly speaking their language.

E-learning is essentially the computer and network-enabled transfer of skills and knowledge. e-learning can give you the freedom and flexibility to learn when and where you want and at your own pace. You can study a wide range of subjects at any level, and e-learning can be ideal if the subject you're interested in isn't available nearby. e-learning makes use of information and communications technology to provide innovative ways to learn. Distance learning covers learning remotely on courses such as home study or 'self-study' courses, which can be combined with e-learning.

e-learning may appeal to you if you:

•want to learn when and where you want, at your own pace

•have commitments which make it harder for you to attend a regular course

•have mobility or health problems that make travel or attendance difficult

•live a long way from a training provider

•work irregular hours or shifts

The effectiveness of e-learning also depends on establishing two-way communication between teachers and learners, and among learners themselves.

Computer-aided instruction (CAI) includes the use of computers to teach academic skills and to promote communication and language development and skills. It includes computer modeling and computer tutors.

There are many advantages to using computers in educational instruction. They provide one-to-one interaction with a student, as well as an instantaneous response to the answers elicited, and allow students to proceed at their own pace. Computers are particularly useful in subjects that require drill, freeing teacher time from some classroom tasks so that a teacher can devote more time to individual students. A computer program can be used diagnostically, and, once a student’s problem has been identified, it can then focus on the problem area. Finally, because of the privacy and individual attention afforded by a computer, some students are relieved of the embarrassment of giving an incorrect answer publicly or of going more slowly through lessons than other classmates.