Moscow is a political center of Russia. As a capital it houses all the legislative, executive and judicial branches of power. At the center of the city is the Moscow Kremlin, which houses the home of the President of Russia as well as many of the facilities for the national government. The name the Kremlin is often used as a metonym to refer to the government.
The president of Russia works in the 1st building of the Kremlin where he has his office. Kremlin also houses the former offices of Lenin, Stalin, Gorbachev, Hruchev and Bregnev but it’s not like you can visit them anyway.
The rest of the government (i.e. prime-minister, his deputies and different governmental councils and committees) work in the White House which stands on Krasnopresnenskaya embankment.
The legislative body which is represented by the Federal Assembly includes Federation Council and the State Duma both of which are also situated in Moscow. The Council holds its sessions within the Main Building on Bolshaya Dmitrovka Street in Moscow and the State Duma headquarters is located in central Moscow, a few steps from Manege Square.
The bodies of judicial branch are also concentrated in Moscow. They include Supreme Court and Supreme Court of Arbitration.
Besides being a political center, Moscow is also an economic center. Thousands of people from all over the country come there in the hope of making their way from rags to riches. Moscow is one of the top cities in the world for billionaires; in 2006, Forbes ranked Moscow second in highest number of billionaires, surpassed only by New York City.
It can be safely said that Moscow rules the economy of all the country. Moscow is the undisputed financial center of Russia and home to the country's largest banks and many of its largest companies, such as Russia's largest company Gazprom and Lukoil. Besides Russian companies, one might find about 6,800 foreign companies there.
Moscow International Business Centre is located in Presnensky district and is still under development. It is expected to become the first zone in Russia to combine business activity, living space and entertainment in one single development.
Moscow is also the centre of education and culture. There are 1696 high schools in Moscow, as well as 91 colleges. Besides these, there are 222 institutions offering higher education in Moscow, including 60 state universities. The oldest and the most significant Moscow university is Lomonosov State University. The university main building located in Vorobyovy Gory is 240 metres (790 ft) tall and when completed, was the tallest building outside the United States. The university has over 30,000 undergraduate and 7,000 postgraduate students, who have a choice of twenty-nine faculties and 450 departments for study. The Moscow State University library contains over nine million books, making it one of the largest libraries in all of Russia. Other well-known universities include Russian State Medical University, Bauman Moscow State University, Gerasimov Institute of Cinematography and Moscow State Institute of International relationships.
Moscow is a cultural centres. A lot of famous Russian writers, composers and artists lived or spent their time in Moscow (Pushkin, Gogol, Chekov, Bulgakov, Stanislavski, Kandidsky). Moscow boasts 100 theatres and more than 60 museums and art galleries.
One of the most notable art museums in Moscow is the Tretyakov Gallery, which was founded by Pavel Tretyakov, a wealthy patron of the arts who donated a large private collection to the city. The collection contains more than 130,000 exhibits among which the works of such outstanding artists as Vasnetshov, Repin, Roerich, Vrubel, Shishkin, Serov and so on. In 1985, the Tretyakov Gallery was administratively merged with a gallery of contemporary art, housed in a large modern building along the Garden Ring, immediately south of the Crimean Bridge. Near the Gallery of modern art there is a sculpture garden called "the graveyard of fallen monuments" that displays statues of former Soviet Union that were relocated.
Another art museum in the city of Moscow is the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, which was founded by, among others, Marina Tsvetaeva's father. The Pushkin Museum is similar to the British Museum in London in that its halls are a cross-section of world civilisations, with many plaster casts of ancient sculptures. However, it also hosts famous paintings from every major Western era of art; works by Claude Monet, Paul Cézanne, and Pablo Picasso are all sampled there.
The State Historical Museum of Russia is a museum of Russian history. Its exhibitions range from relics of the prehistoric tribes inhabiting present-day Russia, through priceless artworks acquired by members of the Romanov dynasty. The total number of objects in the museum's collection numbers in the millions. The Polytechnical Museum, founded in 1872 is the largest technical museum in Russia, offering a wide array of historical inventions and technological achievements, including humanoid automata of the 18th century and the first Soviet computers.
Moscow is also the heart of Russian performing arts, including ballet and film. Moscow is also the heart of Russian performing arts, including ballet and film. Among Moscow’s many theaters and ballet studios is the Bolshoi Theatre and the Malyi Theatre as well as Vakhtangov Theatre and Moscow Art Theatre.
The most famous Moscow theatre is undoubtedly Bolshoi Theatre. It is one of the oldest theatres which holds performances of ballet and opera. The main building of the theatre, rebuilt and renovated several times during its history, is a landmark of Moscow and Russia.
It normally introduces two to four new ballet or opera productions each season and retires a similar number. The sets and costumes for most productions are made in the Bolshoi's own workshops. The Bolshoi Theatre is famous throughout the world. It is frequented by many tourists, with the result that prices can be much higher than other Russian theatres. This is especially the case for ballet, where the prices are comparable to those for performances in the West.
Moscow International Performance Arts Center, opened in 2003, also known as Moscow International House of Music, is known for its performances in classical music. It also has the largest organ in Russia installed in Svetlanov Hall.