The interpretation “From to kill a mockingbird”.


The analyzed text is taken from the novel “To kill a mockingbird” written by the American writer Harper Lee. It was her 1st novel. Nevertheless, it received almost unanimous critical acclaim and several awards including the Pulitzer Prize. A screen play adaptation of the novel was filmed in 1962.
This book is a magnificent powerful novel, in which the author paints a true lively picture of a quite town in Alabama rocked by a young girl’s accusation of a criminal assault. The analyzed extract just tells us about the moment where the life of a man, who was charged with raping a white girl, was put at stake.
The title of the story, itself, gives us an expression of something very heavy, serious, criminal, that’s why I think it really helps the author to attract the reader’s attention.
That man, Tom Robinson was a Negro. At first sight, this fact seems not so important, but as it turned out, just this fact played a decisive role. Robinson had a court-appointed defiance in the person of Atticus Finch, the main character who was appointed by Judge Taylor himself. Atticus Finch is an experienced smart lawyer, a very clever man. Judge Taylor was sure, that Atticus would do his best. At least, he was the only man could keep a jury out so long in a case like that. And Judge Taylor was right. Atticus really did his best. His performance was exactly exciting!

So, to create such a permanent figure of the main character, the author made the text very impressive, emotional, intensive, picturesque, but at the same time rather discreet and steady. The problem of the story as it seems to me is to show by visual demonstration, that far not everything in our life is fair. Unfortunately, it turned out that such an important and prominent Institution of our society as a Court especially the Supreme Court of the USA, hasn’t a real home, where such a fundamental basis of moral imperative as Justice might live.

To my mind this story is written in both dramatic and psychological styles. Firstly, the problem raised here is very important and every person I’m sure collides with it. Secondly, from the psychological point of view, the story is very deep, because the behavior of the main personage during all trial has the aim to influence the jury. It is known that the author Harper Lee studied law at the University of Alabama, so I am sure that only a good specialist who has a great skill in literature might create such a great work.

So, the main character of the observation, as I have already said is Atticus Finch. The writer doesn’t resort to the direct method of description, we can judge about his traits from his speech and action, thus we meet meticulous description of every step. All these details help us to create this character in our mind and help to form a particular attitude to this personage. I see him as a very responsible, brave and fearless man. I am sure that Atticus Finch is a good person with a large open heart. He really sympathized with Tom Robinson, whose life was entrusted to the jury. Yes…He was sure exactly in fiasco of this story, but nevertheless he rallied all his skills and knowledge, although his reputation might be at stake. And at the very end of the extract he put his hand on Tom’s shoulder as he whispered. Just this illustration characterized him not as a lawyer, who works just to earn money. No. He actually tried to help to poor Negro.

So from the dialog of the secondary characters Atticus’s son Jam and his daughter Jean Louse who were present at the trial and it was Jean who described all the events, we learn that Atticus has just gone over the evidence. Such stylistic devise as simile “it was speaking easily with the kind of detachment he used when he dictated a letter” shows that he conducted confidently and knowledgeably. The metaphor “he wasn’t a thunder” is an example to prove the above started idea. His behavior was really rather strange. The author describes in detail each Atticus’s movement. I am sure that the jury was shocked, because even Atticus’s children never saw him in such state! The epithet “horrific glance” helps to reveal that state.


He unbuttoned his vest, unbuttoned his collar, loosened his tie, and took off his coat. Atticus was in the centre of attention, but he didn’t lose his head, didn’t become confused. No. He remained calm. The simile “he was talking to the jury, as if they were folks on the post office corner” says that he was not afraid of jury, that he was sure in himself. And constantly repeating conversion to the jury “Gentlemen” one more shows his respect to the presents in the court-room. He behaved with confidence, not with jaundice, trying to deserve their approval. And he had achieved the reaction: the author tells “and the jury seemed to be attentive: their heads were up, and they followed Atticus route with what seemed to be appreciation.”So, we see how an experienced lawyer tried to help a black man. But the court is not always just.
The periphrasis “one iota of medical evidences” reveals the lawyer’s indignation on the occasion their indifferent and carelessness. By the phrase “the defendant is not guilty, but somebody in this court-room is” Atticus keeps us in suspense on the one hand. And on the other he finished one part of his speech. And begins the other part concerning detailed analyses of accuser in the person of a white girl. In this passage Atticus tried to persuade the jury the thing which motivated her to put a man’s life at stake, charging him was an effort to get rid of her own guilt.

The atmosphere of the story is incandescent. The repetitions with which we meet during the story are increasing in number “the word guilt, a code, confident she she she ” . Atticus doesn’t call her by name. It shows his attitude to her. He despites her. The metaphor “she was merely broken a rigid and time-honored code of our society, a code so severe that whoever breaks it is hounded from our midst as unfit to live with” helps the main character to depict her guilt so expressively and earnestly that breaking of moral principles seems to us one of the most catastrophical crimes in the world. There is a large number of rhetorical questions in the story, which helps us to image the situation more detail.
Reading the text we meet many emphatic verbs which really help the author to express confidence in the fact, that Tom Robinson wasn’t guilty: “we do know, but it does require you to be sure”. The epithet “respectable” is mentioned in the speech of the lawyer several times, in the description of Mr Ewell and Negro.

Later on the main character meditates about the evil assumption, which is wide- spread among white people – that “all Negroes lie, that all Negroes are basically immoral beings, that all Negro men are not to be trusted around our women, an assumption, one associates with minds of their caliber”. We see that the parallel construction in this sentence creates gradation, which in its turn, makes the atmosphere of this part of the story very intensive. And the metaphor at the end of the sentence “with minds of their ” looks like a decoration of Atticus’s speech. His next meditation is also built on parallel constructions: some Negroes lie, some Negroes are immoral some, Negroes are not to be trusted around women- black and white – antithesis again. The author pays our attention to Atticus state. His children had never seen him so sweat, he was one of those men, whose faces never perspired, but at that moment it was shining tan. It proves that he was really doing his best.

Later on Atticus discussed that all people are created equal. This phrase “all men are created equal”, sounds to my mind, like a summons to the jury not to take a mistake “killing” Tom Robiinson. Such metonymy as famous names as Rockefeller, Einstein makes to think about this important case, according to which the man’s fate is being decided.

Further on the author tells about the jury’s decision. When I read the story I was sure that Tomas Robinson would be acquitted but it didn’t turn it so….unfortunately…Disappointment reigned in the court-room…. Alliteration helps the author to reveal this atmosphere more vividly. Just listen: “he snapped it shut, went to the court reporter and said something, nodded to Mr Gilmer, and then went to Tom Robinson and whispered something to him”. Yes… the result is fiasco! But I am sure that Atticus’s speech made the jury to think over that problem. May be I just want to believe in it.

This story is very edifying. And the problem of this story is very vital, because it also exists at present days. I liked this story very much. And if I will have a free time, I will read it completely with a great pleasure.